Optional Practical Training (OPT)
What is OPT?
- Optional Practical Training or OPT is a benefit of F1 student visa status that provides authorization for off-campus employment in a student’s field of study. The initial period of OPT approval is 12 months, once per degree level.
- STEM majors (Science, Technology, Engineering, Math) are eligible for an additional 24-month OPT extension, effective May 10, 2016. For more information, please click here. The ISSS policy on OPT is on our policy page.
- Be in active F-1 status at the time of application with one full academic year (Fall + Spring) completed prior to application.
- Be in the final semester of your academic program.
- Have no holds on your student account and no balance owed to GSU
- Completion of an ISSS employment workshop within the last year.
- No previous OPT approval for the same or higher education level.
- The STEM-OPT 24-month extension has additional requirements. Please see below.
Effective August 29th, 2017:
Applicants may request their I-20 for OPT or OPT STEM Extension via iStart up to 95 days before completion of studies. This provides you the opportunity to mail your application at the earliest time possible within the 90 day window before the completion of your program. It is very important to understand that if your application is received at USCIS more than 90 days before your completion of studies date, USCIS will deny your application. In that case, ISSS cannot assist and has no way to correct your error. Please respect the OPT application time window established by USCIS. You may also apply for initial 12 month OPT within 60 days after the completion of your program. In all cases, allow 6-8 weeks or more for processing by USCIS. A job offer is not required to apply for OPT.
1. Attend a virtual employment workshop provided by ISSS. For dates, times and how to sign up, click here:
2. If you cannot attend the virtual workshop, watch the online OPT online presentation below. If you have further questions, speak with your ISSS advisor. Note: this presentation is best viewed in Firefox or Chrome browsers and in full-screen. After viewing the slideshow, please access this webpage.
3. Prepare your application and visit ISSS during advising hours with the following items:
- Completed OPT e-form " Post-Completion OPT Request" in iStart. (Look under "F1 Practical Training") Upon submission, a new I-20 will be issued by ISSS. USCIS must recieve this I-20 along with the rest of your OPT application within 30 days of issuance by ISSS.
- Completed USCIS Form I-765 ALL 7 PAGES MUST BE MAILED!
- Signed Form I-765. Failure by the student to sign form I-765 is the #1 reason an application is returned or rejected.
- Two (2) passport-style photos not more than 30 days old. NOTE: PHOTOS MUST MEET U.S. DEPARTMENT OF STATE SPECIFICATIONS See http://travel.state.gov/ for details
- Two (2) Payment Options
- Personal check or U.S. money order for $410 made payable to Department of Homeland Security
- By credit card. Submit completed form G-1450 (Authorization for Credit Card Transaction) with your application. For details, click >> here
- Photocopy of passport biographical information (showing passport expiration date & photo)
- Photocopy of F-1 Visa. *Note: As of Nov. 1, 2016 eye glasses will no longer be allowed in new visa photos. However if you have a current or expired visa in the US, you do not need to apply for a new visa to obtain OPT. For more information please see the US Dept. of State U.S. Visas page.
- Photocopy of Change of Status I-797 receipt if you changed status to F-1 inside the U.S. (if applicable)
- Printout of your I-94 document from https://i94.cbp.dhs.gov. Scroll down to "Get Most Recent I-94."
- Photocopy of Full Time CPT I-20s (if applicable)
- Photocopy of previous EAD cards (if applicable)
- Job offer letter (optional)
3. Your advisor will review your request issue an I-20 with the OPT recommendation. ISSS will email your OPT requested I-20 once created to your student GSU email account.
4. Mail all application materials with new signed I-20 with OPT recommendation to USCIS. Your I-20 for OPT must reach USCIS within 30 days of issuance by ISSS; therefore, we recommend mailing it no later than 20 days after issuance to ensure the packet has the minimum amount of time to reach USCIS for processing.
Mailing options and addresses are below.
Unsigned I-765 forms will be rejected by USCIS!
- eShipGlobal Service:
- Go to: https://study.eshipglobal.com to log-in or create a free account.
- Select “OPT Application” or “Send Documents to USCIS.”
- Enter mailing information and select the most current USCIS location as listed on the USCIS website.
- Select the carrier you wish to use, pay for shipping and print the label. Drop off your application at the nearest location for the specific carrier you selected.
- Self Service: Direct Filing Addresses for Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization for Foreign Students can be found on the USCIS website.
- OPT Receipt (Notice of Action): approximately 2 weeks. USCIS will mail a receipt called a "Notice of Action" once your application is received for processing.
- Application Status: 24/7. Available on the USCIS website with the SRC number indicated on the Notice of Action.
- OPT Approval: As of April 2018, we are currently seeing processing times in excess of 100 days. ISSS has no way to expedite or control the processing times. Recently, average processing times and delivery of your EAD card to ISSS have been 12-16 weeks. Students are emailed by ISSS the same day their EAD cards are received, except during weekends and holidays.
- I-20 with OPT Approval: 3-5 days. ISSS recommends requesting an updated Form I-20 via iStart that indicates "OPT Approved" once you receive your EAD card.
- Delayed Processing: If more than 90 days have passed after the receipt date on your Notice of Action, contact your ISSS advisor. Please note that OPT applications CANNOT BE EXPEDITED. Students may not begin working without their official EAD Card.
Reporting OPT Employment
- Report all employment or changes to employment within 10 days per F1 regulations by logging into iStart. Complete the Employment Reporting e-form under the "F-1 Practical Training" tab.
- Automatic Termination of Record: after 90 days of no employment reported during the approved period of OPT or OPT STEM.
Can I travel outside of the U.S. while my OPT application is pending?
You are always free to leave the U.S.; however, ISSS strongly encourages you to not travel while your application is pending. Exiting the U.S. while your application is pending could result in USCIS denying your application. By exiting the U.S., USCIS may view your exit as an abandonment of your application. If an emergency situation occurs that may require you leaving the U.S while the application is pending, ISSS strongly encourages you to seek advice from your international student advisor. Please be aware that your application could be denied. However, cases have occurred where the student left the country while his/her OPT was pending and their OPT was approved.
Can I travel outside of the U.S. after my EAD Card has been issued?
Yes. If you travel outside the U.S. while on OPT, you will need the following: (1) Travel signature on page 3 of I-20 (2) EAD Card (3) Original employment letter showing you have valid employment (4) Valid Passport and (5) Valid Visa. If you try to re-enter the U.S. without proof of valid employment, you may be denied entrance by Customs and Border Patrol (CPB). ISSS also recommends you travel with original copies of your academic transcripts. Click here for more information regarding travel.